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Historical and old photos of Jönköping, Småland

(all photos for free use)

Coat of arms of Jönköping

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Historical and old photos of Jönköping, Småland

A small historical reference

Geography: Jönköping is a city in southern Sweden. Jönköping is situated at the southern end of Sweden's second largest lake, Vättern, in the province of Småland.

The city is the seat of Jönköping Municipality, which has a population of 134,785 (2016) and is Småland's most populous municipality. Jönköping is also the seat of Jönköping County which has a population of 341,235 (2013). Jönköping is the seat of a district court and a court of appeal as well as the Swedish National Courts Administration. It is the seat of the Swedish Board of Agriculture.

Date of foundation: 1284

History:

Population: 61 559

Sights:

Jönköping. Allmänna Brands hus
Allmänna Brands hus - General Brand's house
Jönköping. Grand Hotel
Grand Hotel
Jönköping. The harbor, 1903
The harbor, 1903
Jönköping. The Court and Town Hall
The Court and Town Hall
Jönköping. Inner Harbor and Central Station
Inner Harbor and Central Station
Jönköping. The bell tower in City park
The bell tower in City park
Jönköping. Klostergatan (Monastery street), 1908
Klostergatan (Monastery street), 1908
Jönköping. Lake Vättern, view to Kristina Church
Lake Vättern, view to Kristina Church
Jönköping. Kyrkogatan (Kyrko street)
Kyrkogatan (Kyrko street)
Jönköping. Länslasarettet (County Hospital)
Länslasarettet (County Hospital)
Jönköping. Östra Storgatan (East Great street)
Östra Storgatan (East Great street)
Jönköping. Post and Telegraf house
Post och Telegrafhuset (Post and Telegraf house)
Jönköping. Radhuset (Town Hall)
Radhuset (Town Hall)
Jönköping. Segelsâllskopet (Sailing Yachts)
Segelsâllskopet (Sailing Yachts)
Jönköping. Södra Skolan (Southern School)
Södra Skolan (Southern School)
Jönköping. St. Pauli street with Alphyddan
St. Pauli street with Alphyddan
Jönköping. View to city with the west
View to city with the west
Jönköping. Great hotel in night
Great hotel in night
Jönköping. The beach promenade at Vattern
The beach promenade at Vattern
Jönköping. Cottage in City park
Cottage in City park
Jönköping. The tourist hotel in City park, 1903
The tourist hotel in City park, 1903
Jönköping. View from City park, circa 1930-40's
View from City park, circa 1930-40's
Jönköping. View of Munsjön
View of Munsjön
Jönköping. At Klaffbron, 1952
At Klaffbron, 1952

History

Jönköping is an old trading centre (Köping) situated at a natural crossroads for routes following the rivers Nissan and Lagan, and the road connecting the provinces of Östergötland and Västergötland, a result of the town's geographical position at the southern end of lake Vättern, which divides the two provinces.

On 18 May 1284 Jönköping became the first City in Sweden to be granted its rights by king Magnus Ladulås, who ruled mostly from Vättern's largest island Visingsö. The first part of the city's name, "Jön", is derived from a creek, "Junebäcken", in Talavid, in what is now the western part of the city. The second part of the name "köping", is, as mentioned above, an old word for a trading centre or market place.

The geographical position of the city also left it vulnerable to attack via the river routes that led south, mainly from Danes. At that time the provinces of what is today southern Sweden — Scania, Halland and Blekinge — belonged to Denmark. The city was plundered and burned several times until it was fortified during the 16th and 17th centuries.

Jönköping was known for its matchstick industry between 1845–1970. The phosphorus match was invented in 1831, and these matches became very popular because one could strike it against any surface to ignite it. However, the problem was that they ignited too easily, caused a lot of accidents and was toxic. In 1844, Swedish professor Gustav Erik Pasch patented a new invention, ”Safety matches - Strike against the box only”. To prevent the matches from igniting so easily, Gustav Erik Pasch separated the chemicals in the match head and placed the phosphorus on a separate surface on the outside of the box for striking ignition. Johan Edvard and Carl Frans Lundström took Pasch's patent and improved it. Later, they manufactured their new Safety matches in their factory in Jönköping. Today it is an important Nordic logistical center, with many companies' central warehouses (such as Elkjøp, IKEA, Electrolux and Husqvarna) situated there.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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